The Kobe Maritime Museum opened in April 1987, to commemorate the 120th anniversary of the opening of the Port of Kobe. The first floor (ground floor) presents “The Port of Kobe: Present and Future” and introduces the structure of the vessels, equipment, the role of the Kobe Port. The second level is called “The Port of Kobe through history” – with ship models.
Kobe Port was inaugurated on 1 January 1868. 12 British ships and 6 ships from other countries (the US and France included) entered Kobe Port on its first day. Though the port has flourished since ancient time. During the Nara Era (710-794), it was called Owada no Tomari – Owada Anchorage. As gateway to foreign trade, Kobe Port contributed to the progress of Tempyo Culture during the Nara Era. In the 15th century, about 2,300 boats entered the port every year.
Many ships carrying Japanese emigrants left from the port of Kobe – group emigration to Canada started in 1891, and the first emigrants to Brazil left from Kobe in 1908. “Of the nearly 1 million Japanese who emigrated around the world, about 400,000 left Japan from the port of Kobe.”
Kobe Maritime Museum is located in Kobe Harborland, which I mentioned in the post on 24 July. Kobe Tower is nearby.
Sister/friendship ports of Kobe around the world:
And in Europe:
In the 12the century, the port of Kobe was repaired by the efforts of Monk Chougen.