It was constructed as a reminder of the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake that devastated the southern part of Hyogo on 17 January 1995. In Kobe, about 116 km long of the port’s shoreline was broken, and some parts completely ruined. Some harbour facilities were disabled, too. The damage brought about serious economic depression. It destroyed 247,486 homes and buildings. The memorial park preserves part of Meriken Park as it was immediately after the severe quake.